Nd:YLF – Neodymium doped yttrium lithium fluoride

Absorption range 790-810 nm | Emission 1047, 1053, 1313, 1324, 1370 nm

Nd:YLF crystal (Neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride, or Nd:LiYF4) is popular gain material for solid state lasers. And great substitute of Nd:YAG crystal.


Nd:YLF crystal pumping(absorption)

Since Nd:YLF crystal’s absorption range is 790-810 nm, it can be very easily pumped by using 808 nm diode for diode-pumping. However, Nd:YLF laser can also be lamp-pumped.

Nd:YLF crystal emission (lasing)

Both emission wavelengths of Neodymium-doped YLF (Nd:YLF) depends on polarization. 3photon can offer:

    • 1047 nm (strongest lasing peak) has π polarization (a-axis)
    • 1053 nm (lasing peak) is for σ polarization (c-axis)

Nd:YLF is sometimes preferred substitute for Nd:YAG crystal

Which is better Nd:YLF or Nd:YAG?


Main advantages of Nd:YLF over Nd:YAG

When repetition rate is low (less than few kilohertz), Nd:YLF is more suitable to get higher pulse energy than Nd:YAG. Nd:YLF has lower thermal conductivity, but still exhibits lesser thermal distortions.

Main disadvantages of Nd:YLF over Nd:YAG

However, main disadvantages over Nd:YAG is that Nd:YLF is much more soft and brittle and it is a little bit sensitive to water.


YLF doping with other materials

Yttrium lithium fluoride (YLF) crystals can also be doped with other rare earth materials. E.g. with:

Praseodymium (Pr) – Pr:YLF, Erbium (Er) – Er:YLF, Holmium (Ho) – Ho:YLF, Thulium (Tm), – Tm:YLF, Ytterbium (Yb) – Yb:YLF


  • Features
  • Applications
  • Applications of Nd:YLF lasers

Emission lines at 1.05 μm and 1.32 μm and 1.37 μm (1047 nm, 1053 nm, 1313 nm, 1324 nm, 1370 nm)

Absorption range is 790-810 nm (0.8 μm)

Wide fluorescence width

Weak thermal lensing effect

Oscillation is naturally polarized

Material is brittle and soft 3photon suggest careful handling, due to fragility of Nd:YLF material.

Nd:YLF crystal material is sensitive to moisture (soluble in water) and may dissolve after long continued exposure to water for example during the cooling with liquids.

Nd:YLF can be used  as a material for

  • Continues-wave (CW) lasers
  • mode-locking operations
  • Q-Switching at low-medium repetition rates.

Neodymium doped YLF other applications include pumping:

  • Lasers used in ultra-fast amplifiers in low-medium repetition rates (<5 kilohertz)
  • Femtosecond (fs) Titan doped sapphire (Ti:Sapphire) chirped-pulse amplifiers
  • Nd:Glass amplifiers (Nd:YLF is used in  laser-generator or amplifier)


Solid state lasers with Nd:YLF as gain media are usually used in various applications, most common are:

  • Synchronously pumped dye laser systems
  • Laser free-space communications
  • Pulse modulation devices
  • Optical amplifiers
  • Laser micro-machining systems



Have questions ?

Call us +370 618 35333, email us or fill contact form and we will contact You!


© Copyright “3photon”

Created by “Picture Ideas”